In the 1950s, the fathers of AI, Marvin Minsky and John McCarthy described artificial intelligence as “any task performed by a program or a machine that, if a human carried out the same activity, we would say the human had to apply intelligence to accomplish the task.” AI systems will typically show some of the following behaviors that are associated with human intelligence: planning, learning, reasoning, problem solving, knowledge representation, perception, motion, and manipulation and, to a lesser extent, social intelligence and creativity. In today’s world we experience AI in places like search engines, recommendation systems, chatbots, and even more directly–robots. Scientific developments in AI, such as deep-learning techniques, have made it possible to design high-performance intelligent devices, with access to huge amounts of data and ever-increasing computing power. These new techniques have been rapidly deployed on a large scale in all areas of social life, in transport, education, culture and health.
Technological innovations can affect employment in two main ways:
• by directly displacing workers from tasks they were previously performing
• by increasing the demand for labor in industries or jobs that arise or develop due to technological progress.
A report from Dell and the Institute for the future estimates that 85% of the jobs of 2030 don’t even exist yet. : Is the loss of jobs worth the generation of potentially thousands of jobs? Should robots replace doctors? How do machines affect our behavior towards humans? How do we stay in control of AI? Should they have rights? These are some of the questions to consider when dealing with AI singularity, stupidity, humanity, and job displacement.